Using SSH Keys

The SSH daemon validates SSH client access by Linux system verification via /etc/passwd, or by public/private key cryptography approach. By using the public/private cryptography approach, we can do a SSH without password.

Step 1: Generate the public-private keys using the ssh-keygen command.

$ ssh-keygen -t ed25519
  • -t is the type of key
  • ed25519 is considered more secure and better performance than rsa.

Step 2: The resulting files are id_ed25519 (private key) and (public key). Copy the public keys to the remote computer with the following commands

$ ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/ user@remote-host

You will be asked for your password and the public keys will be added to your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys on the remote system. If you SSH in, you should be able to login in without password.

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